We will discuss about the adaptation for protection in animals. Animals are hunted and eaten by other animals. So they need to adapt themselves in different ways to defend themselves from their enemies.
Some animals protect themselves by running away from their enemies. Some animals can run very fast such as deer, mice and zebras. Some animals have developed ways to merge with their surroundings then it becomes difficult to see the animal. This is known as camouflage.
A stick insect looks almost like a twig.
Chameleons can change the color of their skin to match their surroundings.
A white fur of a polar bear matches with the surrounding snow, making it difficult to spot the bear.
The stripes on a zebra or tiger make them hard to see in the forest.
Some animals have spines or shells on their bodies to protect themselves. Porcupines and hedgehog senses danger, it rolls up into a ball. It then becomes very difficult for the enemy to attack it. Tortoises and snails have hard shells covering their bodies.
Some animals like opossums and snakes pretend to be dead when they are in danger. The globefish can blow itself up to twice its normal size so that it looks bigger and scares away its enemy. If an enemy chases a flying fish it jumps out of the water and flies by spreading its large fins. Some animals like rhinoceros and buffaloes stand and fight. They use their horns for fighting.