We need good food for health. We need food to grow, stay alive and remain healthy. We get most of our food from plants and animals. Food gives us energy to work and play. Good food helps us to keep healthy and fight against diseases.
What are different food groups to stay healthy?
We should eat different kinds of food for health in light quantities to stay healthy.
Food can be divided into three groups:
1. Energy giving foods:
Energy giving food gives us energy to work and play. Some examples of energy giving foods are potato, rice, bread, etc.
2. Body building foods:
Body building food helps us to grow well and build our muscles. Some examples of body building foods are eggs, fish, meat, milk, pulses, etc. makes our bones and teeth strong and help us to grow.
3. Protective foods:
Protective foods protect us from falling ill. Some examples of protective foods are fruits, vegetables, etc.
4. Fatty foods:
Some foods give us more energy. They can be stored and used later. Some examples are oil, ghee and butter. They are called fatty foods.
Besides food, our body requires water. Most things we eat have water. It is important to drink atleast 8-10 glasses of water everyday, as water is important for the working of the body.
What are the good food habits?
Some of the good food habits are:
(i) Eat food at proper meal times
(ii) Wash your hands and mouth before and after meals.
(iii) Chew your food well and eat slowly.
(iv) Do not overeat.
(v) Eat fresh food to stay healthy. Stale food can make us fall sick.
(vi) Eat well-cooked food.
(vii) Do not eat uncovered food. The uncovered food can contain germs.
(viii) Drink 8 glasses to 10 glasses of water everyday.