The Sentence

What is a sentence?

A sentence is a group of words that is arranged so as to make a complete sense. 

Look at this group of jumbled words to understand about the sentence.

Jumbled Words

Let us rearrange these jumbled words in different order to form a complete sense.

A Complete Sentence

Now, the same group of six words makes complete sense. Such a group of words is called sentence.


A sentence always begins with a capital letter. 

A sentence ends with a full stop (.), a question mark (?) or an exclamation mark (!). 

Read the following groups of words:

1. Go.

In this sentence, even one word makes a sentence. 

2. Write, Elizabeth.

In this sentence, two words also make a sentence. 

3. Elizabeth writes well.

In this sentence, three words make a sentence. 

4. What does Elizabeth write?

In this sentence, four words make a sentence. 

5. Elizabeth pen with writes.

In this sentence, four words do not make a sentence. 

Group of word or words from sentence 1 to 4 make complete sense. Hence these are termed as sentence.

Group of words in sentence 5, does not make complete sense. Hence these are Jumbled Words so these words are not put in their proper order.

Kinds of sentences:

There are four kinds of a sentence:

1. Assertive sentences

2. Interrogative sentences

3. Imperative sentences

4. Exclamatory sentences

Kinds of Sentences

Now we will discuss about assertive sentences, interrogative sentences, imperative sentences and exclamatory sentences along with the examples.

Assertive sentences:

A sentence that says or states something is known as assertive sentence or declarative sentence. An assertive sentence can either be affirmative or negative.

For example:

1. We play badminton in the evening.

2. She likes coffee.

3. Lady Gaga sings well.

Note: We put a full stop (.) at the end of an assertive sentence.

Interrogative sentences:

A sentence that asks a question is known as interrogative sentence.

For example:

1. What is your name?

2. Is everything ready?

3. Did you finish your homework?

Note: We put a question mark (?) at the end of an interrogative sentence.

Imperative sentences:

A sentence that expresses a command, a request or an advice is known as imperative sentence.

For example:

1. Show me your homework.

2. Always speak the truth

3. Give me a pencil, please.

Note: We put a full stop (.) at the end of an imperative sentence.

Exclamatory sentences:

A sentence that expresses some strong feeling is known as exclamatory sentence.

For example:

1. What a grand building!

2. How nice you are!

3. What a lovely flower it is!

Note: We put an exclamation mark (!) at the end of an exclamatory sentence.

English Grammar and Composition

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