Born on 28th September, 1907 to Sardar Kisan Singh Sadhu and Vidyawati in the erstwhile Lyallpur district of Punjab, Shaheed Bhagat Singh was an Indian revolutionary freedom fighter who is considered to be one of the most influential sons of the soil who laid down his life for the freedom of the nation. He gave a fresh impetus and a new momentum to the fight against the British regime.
He was born in a family which was fiercely patriotic and his father even at the time of his birth was languishing in the British jails. At the age of 12, he visited the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919 where thousands of unarmed people were shot to death under the command of General Dyers for a peaceful congregation. This left an indelible impression of the young mind and filled it with intense rage against the British.
Very early on, in his life, he was disillusioned by the non-violent approach, adopted by Gandhi in quest for the freedom struggle and joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and took part in the extremist wing which was committed to bring down the British Empire in India by force. He also founded the Indian nationalistic youth organisation ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’ in March 1926 and the was an integral part of the Hindustan Republican Association which had leaders like Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Shahid Ashfaq Ullah Khan as co-patriots. He declined marriage and fled his home as his life had already sworn his life for the sake of the nation.
In his own words, he had written “My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now.”
1928 was the milestone in his life. The year in which Lala Lajpat Rai organised a march to protest the Simon Commission with calls of ‘ Simon, go back’. The, then Superintendent of Police James Scott ordered a fierce lathi charge to dispel the crowd. Lala Lajpat Rai was severely injured and later suffered a heart attack which caused his death on 17th Nov, 1928. Rajguru, Thapar and Azad swore to take revenge by killing Scoot but mistakenly killed Saunders, the Assistant Superintendent.
On 8th April, 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs in the Assembly Chamber with the intention to warn them that Indians will no more take things lying down. They made no effort to flee and surrendered before the Police in broad daylight with calls of ‘Long live the Revolution’ / ‘Inquilaab Zindabad’ .
They were arrested and the British Court convicted Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev of having killed Saunders and indulged in conspiracy to kill Scott and disrupt the Assembly while in session. Bhagat Singh was hanged on 23 March, 1931.
He remains, till date, the epitome of patriotism and ultimate sacrifice for the nation. For the love he had for the nation and the ultimate sacrifice which he performed with such fierce abandon and fearlessness, he shall always be revered and respected in free India.