Eleventh Grade

Eleventh grade has been designed in accordance with the recommended topics. We will cover science, math and English in very exciting and interesting way

The Living World:

1. What is living?

2. Why are living organisms classified?

3. Why are the classification systems changing every now and then?

4. What different criteria would you choose to classify people that you meet often?

5. What do we learn from identification of individuals and populations?

6. Explain taxonomic hierarchy category?

7. Taxonomical Aids

8. How is a key helpful in the identification and classification of an organism?

9. Illustrate taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal.

Biological classification:

1. Characteristics of the five kingdoms

2. Explain Kingdom Monera.

3. Explain Kingdom Protista.

4. Describe the four major groups of Protozoa.

5. Explain Kingdom Fungi.

6. Give a comparative account of the classes of Kingdom Fungi under the following: (i) mode of nutrition (ii) mode of reproduction

7. Explain Kingdom Plantae.

8. Explain Kingdom Animalia.

9. Give an explanation of viruses with respect to their structure and nature of genetic material. Also name four common viral diseases. Are viruses living or non-living?

Plant Kingdom:

Define Algae.

Describe Cholophyceae

Describe Phaeophyceae

Describe Rhodophyceae

Describe Bryophytes

Describe Liverworts

Describe Mosses

Describe Pteridophytes

Describe Gymnosperms

Describe Angiosperms

Describe plant life cycles and alternation of generations

Animal Kingdom:

Explain the features that are used as the basis of animal classification.

Describe and explain the important characteristic features of the different phyla

Explain all the division of subphylum vertebrata and their class.

All vertebrates are chordates but all chordates are not vertebrates. Justify the statement.

Classify an Unknown Specimen: If you are given a specimen, what are the steps that you would follow to classify it?

Could the number of eggs or young ones produced by an oviparous and viviparous mother be equal? why?

Morphology of Flowering Plant:

Root and its Types

Explain about the regions of root and modifications of root.

Explain about the stem and its modifications

Explain about the leaf, its venation, types of leaves, phyllotaxy and its modifications.

Explain about the inflorescence and the flower.

Explain about the parts of a flower.

Explain about the fruit and the seed (along with the structure of dicotyledonous seed and structure of monocotyledonous seed.

Describe the semi-technical features of a typical flowering plant.

Explain fabaceae.

Explain Solanaceae.

Explain Liliaceae

Anatomy of Flowering Plants:

Explain about tissues and their two main groups.

Explain about simple tissues and complex tissues.

Explain about tissue systems and the three types of tissue systems. (epidermal, ground, vascular tissue system)

Explain about dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plants (roots, stems and leaves). 

Secondary growth of vascular cambium

Secondary growth of cork cambium

Secondary growth of roots

Structural Organisation in Animals:

Explain about animal tissues and their four types (epithelial, connective, muscular and neural). 

Explain about the organ and organ system.

Explain about the earthworm; morphology and anatomy. 

Explain about the cockroach; morphology and anatomy. 

Explain about the frogs; morphology and anatomy. 

Cell: The Unit of Life:

What is a cell?

Cell Theory: Explain (i) all living organisms are composed of cells and products of cells (ii) all cells arise from pre-existing cells

Explain: Cells in an onion peel under the microscope

Explain: Human cheek cells under the microscope

Explain about prokaryotic cells

Explain about cell envelop and its modification

Explain about ribosomes and inclusion bodies

Explain about Eukaryotic cells

Explain about Cell membrane

Explain about cell wall

Explain about Endomembrane system (along with The Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes and vacuoles) 

Explain about Mitochondria

Explain about Plastids

Explain about Ribosomes

Explain about Cytoskeleton

Cilia and Flagella (With full explanation)

Centrosome and centrioles (With full explanation)

Explain about Nucleus

Explain Microbodies


Explain about Biomolecules

How to analyse chemical composition?

Explain about Primary and secondary metabolites

Explain about Biomacromolecules

Explain about Proteins

Explain about Polysaccharides

Explain about Nucleic aids

Explain about the Structure of proteins

Explain about the Nature of bond linking monomers in a polymer

Dynamic state of body constituents - Concept of metabolism

Explain about Metabolic basis for living

Explain about The living state

Explain about Enzymes

Explain about Chemical reactions

How do enzymes bring about such high rates of chemical conversions?

Explain about Nature of enzyme action

Explain about the Factors affecting enzyme activity

Explain about Classification and nomenclature of enzymes

Explain about Co-factors

Cell Cycle and Cell Division:

Explain about cell cycle

Explain about the phases of cell cycle

Explain about interphase (and the three further phases of interphase)

Explain about M phase (four stages prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokinesis)

Significance of Mitosis

Explain about Meiosis

Explain about Meiosis I (along with the stages prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I)

Explain about Meiosis II (along with the stages prophase II, metaphase II, anaphase II, telophase II)

Significance of Meiosis

Transport in plants:

Means of Transport (diffusion, facilitated diffusion – (symport, antiport, uniport), active transport, comparison of different transport processes)

Plant-water relations (water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis, imbibitions) 

Explain Long distance transport of water

How do plants absorb water?

Water movement up a plant (root pressure, transpiration pull) 


Transpiration and photosynthesis – a compromise

Uptake of transport nutrients (uptake of mineral ions, translocation of mineral ions) 

Phloem transport – flow from source to sink

The pressure flow or mass flow hypothesis

Mineral Nutrition:

Methods to study the mineral requirements of plants

Criteria for essentiality

Role of macro and micro nutrients 

Deficiency symptoms of essential elements

Toxicity of micronutrients

Mechanism of absorption of elements 

Translocation of solutes

Soil as reservoir of essential elements

Metabolism of nitrogen (i) Nitrogen cycle, (ii) biological nitrogen fixation 

Photosynthesis in higher plants:

Where does photosynthesis take place?

How many pigments are involved in photosynthesis?

What is light reaction? 

The electron transport 

Explain about Splitting of Water

Explain about Cyclic and non-cyclic Photo-phosphorylation 

Chemiosmotic hypothesis

Where are the ATP and NADPH used?

Primary acceptor of CO2

The Calvin cycle

The C4 Pathway

Photo Respiration

Factors affecting photosynthesis (light, carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, water) 

Respiration in Plants:

Do plants breathe?

Glycolysis and the steps of glycolysis


Aerobic Respiration

Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle

Electron Transport System and Oxidative Phosphorylation

The respiratory balance sheet

Amphibolic Pathway

Respiratory Quotient

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