What Are Correlative Conjunctions?
Correlative Conjunctions are basically a pair of Conjunctions which are used together as a set, in order to make one sentence element relate to the other. They always occur in a team and the user has to use both in the same sentence to make it work.
Correlative Conjunctions include pairs like “both / and”, “either/or”, “neither/nor”, “not/but” and “not only/but also”
i. Every night, either the sound of the traffic or raucous neighborhood keeps me awake.
ii. Not only John but also Jack has got feelings for you.
· Either/or( Indicates a choice / possibility)
Example - I want either the tea or the coffee.
· Both/and (Used for combining two elements words or phrases of exactly same importance in a sentence)
Example -We'll have both the chocolate mousse and wine.
· Whether/or(Used for expressing two different options within a sentence and can be used both for confirmation and negation)
Example - I didn't know whether you'd want the dry version or the gravy version, so I got both.
· Neither/nor(Used for negating two different choices)
Example - Oh, you want neither the chicken nor the fish? No problem.
· Not only/but also(Used to combine sentences that are demonstrating two choices that are contradictorily but true )
Example - I'll eat them both - not only the chicken but also the fish.
· Just As / so (Used for explaining a relation or similarity between two subjects)
Example - Just as you could be stubborn , so could I .
Other lesser used Examples:
Not/but - I see you're in the mood not for a movie but theater. I have got ticket for both of them.
As/as - Bowling isn't as fun as batting.
Such/that - Such was the nature of their hazardous expedition that they never would have made it even if the weather had been favourable.
Scarcely/when - I had scarcely walked in the door when I found them in the compromising position and made a hasty exit.
As many/as - There are as many holes as buttons in this dress.
No sooner/than - I'd no sooner lie to you than make a death wish.
Rather/than - She'd rather live her life according to her terms than toe the line.
Correlative Conjunctions, connect two equal parts of a sentence. In this sense, they have more in common with Co-ordinating Conjunctions than Subordinating Conjunction which joins a Dependent clause to a main clause.
Correlative Conjunctions, much like their counterpart Co-ordinating Conjunctions connect words and phrases that carry equal weight age within the sentence structure.
For example, "both/and" connects either two subjects or two objects:
· Both Radha and I scored well in the exam. (subjects)
· Jon enjoyed both the movie and the book. (objects)
"As/as" compares nouns using an adjective or an adverb:
· Jack is as intelligent as Johnny.
· A giraffe can't run as fast as a gazelle.
"Not only/but also" can connect nouns or entire clauses:
· I'm not only going to start a separate company, but also shifting to a new house.
· Not only will I make you pay the penalty, but also put you behind bars.