Verbs can be classified as Transitive or Intransitive depending on whether they do require an object to complete their meaning.
A Transitive Verb is one that requires an object, either a noun or a pronoun or a phrase as the recipient of the action. Transitive verbs always require a Direct Object.
Transitive Verbs, in other words are action words that require an object in the sentence as the recipient of the action.
All the above examples have an object as recipient of the action and hence are examples of Transitive Verb.
Transitive Verbs may be used with a Direct and an Indirect Object both.
· He sent her(Indirect Object) an epistle( Direct Object).
· Mother brought me ( Indirect Object) a pizza.( Direct Object)
List of commonly used Transitive Verbs that are followed by Direct Objects:
bring,send, owe, contain, buy, show, take, tell, verify, check, get, wash, finalize, annoy, lay , lend, offer, edit , make , phone.
Intransitive Verb: An Intransitive Verb is one that does not require an object to complete its meaning. They do not require a Direct Object to lend them sense. Many are followed by an adjective, adverb, proposition or verb complement (Gerund or Infinitive).
Intransitive Verbs, in other words, are action words that do not require an object in the sentence as recipient of the action to deliver its meaning.
List of intransitive Verbs for reference:
come, explode, laugh, sit, rise, excel, respond, run, cough, swim, emigrate, smile, act, cry, immigrate, lie, arrive, continue, die, go.
Ø Now, consider the example:
· I walked to the office today.
Is it an example of Transitive or Intransitive?
Intransitive, simply because ‘in the office’ is a prepositional phrase and ‘today’ is an adverb of time. There is no object receiving the action ‘walked’ so it is an example of Intransitive Verb.
Similarly, the example:
· They ran to the park.
Though there are words which follow the action words ‘ran’ , the words do not act as Object but are in fact, prepositions and hence it again is an example of Intransitive Verb.
Ø There are example of numerous Verbs which can function both as Transitive or Intransitive. Some verbs can take an object to clarify their meaning but do not always require the aid of one to act as an Action word. So, in one sentence they may act as Transitive and in another Intransitive.
Transitive: The singer sang a ballad.
Intransitive: The singer sang beautifully.
Transitive: I left him a letter
Intransitive: I left early.
Transitive: Sehgal set the documents down on the Director’s desk.
Intransitive: The sun sets.
Transitive: You have grown a moustache.
Intransitive: You have grown so much since last I saw you.
v Sometimes, the meaning of the verb itself undergoes a change depending on whether it is used as Transitive or Intransitive.
Transitive: I run a small grocery store.
Intransitive: I run in the park everyday.