Worksheet on Adaptation in Animals

Worksheet on adaptation in animals contains various types of questions.

We know animals are classified according to their habitats as terrestrial (living on land), aquatic (living in water), amphibians (living on both land and water), arboreal (living on trees) and aerial (flying animals).

I. What are they called?

(i) Animals that live in water:

(ii) Animals that live on trees:

(iii) Animals that live on land:

(iv) Animals that live on both land and water:

(v) Animals that spend much of their time in air:

II. Give one word for:

(i) Long winter sleep:

(ii) Going far away from home in winter and coming back in summer:

(iii) Merging with surroundings to hide from the enemy:

III. Tick (√) against the true statement and (X) against the false one:

(i) Hedgehogs have spines to defend themselves from their enemies.

(ii) Herbivores have sharp claws.

(iii) Lizards sleep during the entire winter period.

(iv) Dolphins breathe through gills.

(v) Parasites do not have teeth.  

IV. Answer the following questions:

(i) Why is the earth suitable for existence of life?

(ii) What are the two kinds of living things?

(iii) What do you understand by habitat?

(iv) Why do some animals hibernate in winter?

V. How do the following animals protect themselves from their enemies?

(i) chameleon

(ii) deer

(iii) snails

VI. What kind of teeth do the following have?

(i) horse

(ii) cheetah

VII. Give two examples for each of the following types:

(i) terrestrial animals

(ii) aquatic animals   

Check the answers of the worksheet on adaptation in animals:


I. (i) aquatic animals

(ii) arboreal animals

(iii) terrestrial animals

(iv) amphibians

(v) aerial animals

II. (i) migration

(ii) camouflage

(iii) hibernation

III. (i) √

(ii) X

(iii) √

(iv) X

(v) √

IV. (i) On Earth there is enough air, water, sunlight and food for existence of life.

(ii) The two kinds of living things are animals including human beings and plants.

(iii) A region having specific climatic conditions and accordingly specific types of animals and plants is called habitat.

(iv) Some animals like lizard, snakes and rats cannot bear cold so they hibernate in winter.

V. (i) changing color

(ii) running away faster

(iii) covered with shells

VI. (i) Horse have sharp front teeth to cut the grass and flat grinding teeth to chew the grass.

(ii) Cheetah have long sharp teeth to tear the flesh.

VII. (i) lion and buffalo

(ii) fish and frog

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