Food from Plants

Plants are very useful to us and we get most of our food from plants. Everybody needs food to stay alive. Food is one of our basic needs. It gives us energy to work. Most of our food comes from plants. Plants give us many things.

Food we get from plants:

Plants give us vegetables, fruits, cereals and pulses. Plants also give us coffee, tea, sugar, oil and spices. We get food from different parts of plants. We eat roots, leaves, stems, flowers and fruits of plants.


We get vegetables from plants. Some vegetables are available throughout the year. Some vegetables are available in one season only. 

Some vegetables are beetroot, spinach, turnip and cauliflower.


We eat roots, leaves, stems and flowers of some plants as vegetables.


Beetroot, radish, carrot and turnip are some of the roots that we eat as vegetables.

Roots as Vegetables


Spinach, lettuce and cabbage are some of the leaves that we eat as vegetables.

Leaves as Food


Potato and ginger are some of the stems that we eat as vegetables.

Stems as Vegetables


Broccoli and cauliflower are some of the flowers that we eat as vegetables.

Flowers as Food


We get fruits from plants. Fruits are of many kinds. Some fruits are juicy and fleshy.

Some of the fruits that we eat are orange, mango, apple, grapes, etc.

Fruits as Food

Fruits keep us healthy and strong. We should eat plenty of fruits daily.
Growing children should eat plenty of seasonal fruits.


We get cereals from plants. Cereals are the grains that can be eaten. Rice, wheat, maize, barley and jowar are some of the cereals that we eat.

Cereals are the Grains

We make chapatti from the flour of wheat, maize and gram.


We get pulses from plants. Pluses are the seeds that can be eaten. Beans, kidney beans, grams, peas and urd are some of the pulses that we eat.

Pluses are the Seeds

Pulses are very important for the growth of children. Children should eat plenty of pulse in their meals.

Coffee, Tea and Sugar:

Plants give us coffee and tea to drink. Coffee is made from the seeds of coffee plants. Tea is made from the leaves of tea plant.

We also get sugar from plants. Sugar is made from sugarcane.


We get oil from some plants. The seeds of some plants are used for making oil. Some of the plants that give us oils are castor, sunflower, mustard and coconut.

Oil giving Plants

Oil is used for many purposes. It is used for cooking food. Some oil is also used as hair oils.

Dry Fruits:

Some plants give us dry fruits.

Dry Fruits

Some of the dry fruits are cashewnut, groundnut, walnut, almond etc.


Plants also give us spices.


Cinnamon, cardamom, clove, pepper, turmeric, ginger, cumin seeds and pepper are some of the plants that give us spices.

Plants are very useful in many ways. We get most of our food from plants.

Plants Around Us

How Plants Grow

Food from Plants

First Grade

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