Formation of Adverbs

1. Most adverbs are formed by adding the suffix ‘-ly’ to the end of the related Adjective.

Slow – slowly

Clever – cleverly

Quick – quickly

Beautiful – beautifully

Careful – carefully

Firm – Firmly

Strong - strongly

Delicate – delicately

Sad – sadly

2. However, in cases where the Adjective ends with ‘y’, there might be a need to replace ‘y’ with ‘I’ and then add the suffix –‘ly’.

Easy – easily

Lucky – luckily

Happy – happily

Busy – busily

Cozy – cosily

Heavy – heavily


3. In cases, where the adjective ends with ‘le’, ‘able’ or ‘ible’ the ‘e’ needs to be replaced with a ‘y’ to form the adverb.

gentle – gently

able – ably

capable – capably

eligible – eligibly

suitable – suitably

horrible – horribly


4. If the adjective ends with ‘ic’ , then the adverb shall be formed by adding ‘-ally’.

academic – academically

strategic – strategically

economic – economically

basic – basically

artistic – artistically

However, there are certain exceptions to this rule. For Example:

Public (adjective) – publicly – (adverb, adding the suffix –ly)


5. In case of adjectives that end with ‘cal’, the adverb can be formed adding the suffix ‘-ly’.

Chemical – chemically

Local- locally

Logic – logically

Tragic – tragically

Comic – comically


6. There are still some adjectives which retain their form while forming Adverbs.

The golden rule of identifying whether the word is an Adjective or Adverb in such case is to check the word it precedes. If it is a Noun, it occurs with, it is an Adjective, else it an Adverb.

fast - fast

Daily- daily

Late- late

Far- far

Early- early

close- close

free- free




straight- straight

wrong – wrong

Examples of the words being used as an Adjective:

It was a long meeting.

It was a short stay over.

It was a low wall.

It was a high –rise building.


Examples of the same words being used as an Adverb:

I will not be gone long.

The meeting was cut short.

He stooped low.

Don’t climb so high.


7.  However, there are certain adjectives which form the Adverb form, using a totally different word.

Good – well

8. Some Adverbs carry the same word form as Prepositions, except that prepositions are used before a Noun, while Adverbs have no such requirement. They are usually found at the end of clauses in such cases.

Examples: (Preposition)

  • He jumped in an attempt to cross the river.
  • She hurried over her assignment because she was late.

Examples (Adverb)

  • He jumped in.
  • She hurried over.

English Grammar and Composition

From Formation of Adverbs to HOME PAGE

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Recent Articles

  1. Respiratory Balance Sheet | TCA Cycle | ATP Consumption Process

    Feb 18, 24 01:56 PM

    ATP Synthase in Mitochondria
    The major component that produced during the photosynthesis is Glucose which is further metabolised by the different metabolic pathways like glycolysis, Krebs cycle, TCA cycle and produces energy whic…

    Read More

  2. Electron Transport System and Oxidative Phosphorylation | ETC |Diagram

    Feb 04, 24 01:57 PM

    Electron Transport Chains
    It is also called ETC. Electron transfer means the process where one electron relocates from one atom to the other atom. Definition of electron transport chain - The biological process where a chains…

    Read More

  3. Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle | Krebs Cycle | Steps | End Products |Diagram

    Jan 28, 24 12:39 PM

    Aerobic Respiration
    This is a type of process which execute in a cyclical form and final common pathway for oxidation of Carbohydrates fat protein through which acetyl coenzyme a or acetyl CoA is completely oxidised to c…

    Read More

  4. Aerobic Respiration | Definition of Aerobic Respiration | Glycolysis

    Dec 15, 23 08:42 AM

    Aerobic Respiration
    This is a type of respiration where molecular free oxygen is used as the final acceptor and it is observed in cell. Site of Aerobic Respiration - Aerobic respiration is observed in most of the eukaryo…

    Read More

  5. Fermentation | Definition | Types of Fermentation | Application

    Nov 29, 23 10:27 PM

    Definition of fermentation- It is a process that is energy yielding process of anaerobic oxidation of organic compounds which are carried out by the enzyme action of micro organisms where neither gase…

    Read More