We can see living things and non-living things around us. Things around us form our environment. Environment is everything that makes up the surroundings of a living thing. It consists of living things and non-lining things. The environment also includes the Sun and the weather of the place we live in.
Every living thing has its own environment. Some of the things that form the environment of a plant are the soil on which it grows, water, Sun, air, weather, and the animals that eat it.
What does our environment give us?
We depend on our environment for all our needs. It provides us with food, water, air, clothing, materials to construct houses, and materials to make all the useful things we use in our daily life.
How do we damage our environment?
Humans have found many new ways to keep themselves comfortable. We Have good houses to live in, good roads , cars and buses to travel fast, number of gadgets such as refrigerators and washing machines to do our work, and methods to grow more food for the increasing population. However, in making our lives comfortable, we have damaged our environment in many ways. We have dirtied our land, water and air, by adding harmful substances to them. This is called pollution. Pollution of land, water and air has had harmful effects on the health of the entire living world. We have cleared forests to build cities and farms. In the cities we keep cutting down trees to make houses and road. These are fewer trees to make houses and road. There are fewer trees to clean the air. Also trees bind the soil. Soil becomes loose when trees are cut. It can then be easily washed away by wind and rain. Fertile top soil is thus lost. This is called soil erosion.
We have built factories to make things we use in our everyday life. The factories burn a lot of fuel. This sends out smoke and poisonous gases in the air. Cars and buses also give out smoke and poisonous gases. Thus the air gets polluted and there are fewer trees to clean the air.
The wastes from our homes and factories are thrown into rivers, seas and lakes, or buried in land. This pollutes the water and soil, and damages the plants and animals living there.
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