The Passive Voice is a grammatical structure in which the Object of an Active Voice sentence appears as the Subject on whom the Verb is acted upon.
Active: Our army defeated the infiltrators.
Passive: The infiltrators were defeated by the army.
· It is mostly used when the importance is to be focussed on the action rather than the initiator of the action.
· It is also used in case when the doer of the action is not important or known.
1. My car was stolen.
2. The house was ransacked.
1. A mistake has been committed.
2. An offence has taken place.
Apart from the three major rules to be followed for changing an Active Voice sentence to a Passive Voice:
1. The Object of the Active Voice sentence becomes the Subject.
2. The finite form of the Verb is changed to V3 or past participle.
3. The Subject of the Active sentence becomes the Object in Passive sentence or is completely dropped.
Future Conditional Sentences
Example: If I go to the park tomorrow, I will finish five laps.
1. I will finish five laps if I go to the park tomorrow.
2. You will be very happy if you marry the girl you love.
3. If I buy that house, I will be delighted.
1. If I go to the party, I will wear the blue dress. (Possibility of the action taking place, though not certain)
2. When I go visit my grandmother, I will buy her a new saree. (Possibility of the action taking place, though timing is not certain).
Sentence Structure of Conditional Sentences
Active: If +S+V1(s/es) + object + ROTC +, +S+will+V1+Object + ROTS.
Example: If I write the book, I will get a hefty royalty.
Passive: If + S + be (verb) + V3 +by phrase, + S + will be + V3 + ROTS.
Example: If the book is written (by me), I will be given a hefty royalty.
Active: If + S + V2 + Object + ROTC, +S + would/ could + V1 + Object + ROTS
Example: If the teacher read my essay, he would grade me with high scores.
Passive: If + S+ be2 + V3 + by phrase, +S + would/ could + be + V3 + ROTS.
Example: If the essay was read by my teacher, I would be graded with high scores.
Active: If + S+ had + V3 + ROTC, + S + would/ could/ have +V3 + ROTS.
Example: If I had done my preparation, I could have realized my goal.
Passive: If + S+ had been + V3 + by phrase, + S + would/could + have + been+ V3 + ROTS.
Example: If the preparation had been done by me, the goal could have been realized.
English Grammar and Composition
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