An adverb is a word that is used to change , qualify or modify an adjective, verb, clause or another adverb or any other word or phrase except a Noun which is modified or described using an ‘Adjective’.
Adverbs can be frequently identified using the suffix ‘-ly’. However, they may turn up without this identifying suffix, too in certain cases. They provide a context to a sentence in the sense how, where, when, when, in what manner and to what extent something is done or happens.
Adverbs can also be found used in combination with other Adverbs.
Adverbs, in the broadest sense can be classified into three different categories:
1. Simple Adverbs
2. Interrogative Adverbs.
3. Relative Adverbs
Adverbs, as we know them mostly fall in the category of Simple Adverbs. Simple Adverbs are those that consist of one word. Let us know more about them in details about their usage and purpose.
Simple Adverbs, can be further classified into the following kind of Adverbs:
1. Adverbs of Time – These Adverbs answer the question of the timing of the Verb or ‘when’ the action took place.
· I went to the market yesterday
· He went to school once.
· I like to finish my assignment early.
· My husband shall be back from work soon.
· Can we initiate the proceedings now?
2. Adverbs of Place -These words define the place where the action took place.
· I looked for love everywhere.
· The boy went inside to fetch his toy.
· We went downstairs to join the revelry.
· It is too crowded here, so let us go there.
3. Adverbs of Frequency -These words tell us how often an action took place:
· I practice my music regularly.
· My mother visits me frequently.
· I have been to the Disneyland once.
· I go the cinema often.
· My love shall come back again.
· I always carry a pen with me
· I usually go for my Morning Walk early.
· I never reach my office late.
· I hardly ever touch alcohol.
· I seldom use make-up.
· I occasionally indulge in a glass of wine.
· I sometimes make impulsive decisions.
4. Adverbs of Manner - These words define ‘how or ‘inwhat manner’ the action took place.
· I can speak French fluently.
· The soldiers fought the last war bravely.
· These fragile items must be handled carefully.
5. Adverbs of Degree or Extent - These adverbs tell us ‘how much’ or ‘to what degree’ an action is performed. They mostly appear before the verb, adjective or other adverbs and can be further sub-classified into low, medium or high degree adverb.
Low Degree Adverbs
· Your attitude is confusing me a little.
· My son is least interested in languages.
· I was slightly nauseous yesterday.
· My parents were somewhat surprised by your behaviour yesterday.
Medium Degree Adverbs
· The space is sufficiently large.
· You look rather nice in this dress.
· The food is in fact quite tasty.
· The dress is pretty reasonable.
High Degree Adverbs
· I am very sorry I could not reach on time.
· She is extremely talented.
· She is supremely intelligent.
· Suresh in immensely gifted.
(too, really etc.)
Adverbs of Reason
· I did not go to work because of water logging.
· We are not working since we have declared strike.
(therefore, hence, thus etc)