Soil and its Types

Soil and its types are mainly classified on the basis of properties and sizes of different particles present in it.

The three major types of soils are sandy soil, loamy soil and clay soil.

Sandy soil: In sandy soil 80% — 90% coarse contains sandy materials and 10% - 20% fine clay materials. Here the soil articles are very loosely packed, so it has plenty of air spaces. But this soil cannot hold sufficient water. The humus content of it is also very low.

Sandy soil is not suitable for normal plant growth as it is dry and has lesser nutrients. A very few plants like cucumber, gourd, watermelon grow in this soil.

Loamy soil: In loamy soil contains of sandy materials and clay materials are almost equal. This type of soil contains sufficient humus. Both aeration and water retaining capacity of this soil are moderate. These features make this soil very fertile. In this soil all types of crops and vegetables grows well.

Clay soil: In clay soil 80% - 90% contains fine clay materials and 10% - 20% coarse sandy materials. It is very rich in humus also. So this soil becomes very sticky and dense. Aeration is very poor but it can retain a lot of water. These features make this soil unsuitable for normal agriculture. Some larger plants like mango, jackfruit, etc., grow in this soil. This soil is used to build the walls of earthen huts and to prepare idols of gods and goddesses because when it dries up it becomes very hard.

Besides sandy soil, loamy soil and clay soil there are few other types of soils with some special features. These are silty soil, black soil, lime soil, red soil, salty soil and gravel soil.

Fifth Grade

From Soil and its Types to HOME PAGE

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Recent Articles

  1. Respiratory Balance Sheet | TCA Cycle | ATP Consumption Process

    Feb 18, 24 01:56 PM

    ATP Synthase in Mitochondria
    The major component that produced during the photosynthesis is Glucose which is further metabolised by the different metabolic pathways like glycolysis, Krebs cycle, TCA cycle and produces energy whic…

    Read More

  2. Electron Transport System and Oxidative Phosphorylation | ETC |Diagram

    Feb 04, 24 01:57 PM

    Electron Transport Chains
    It is also called ETC. Electron transfer means the process where one electron relocates from one atom to the other atom. Definition of electron transport chain - The biological process where a chains…

    Read More

  3. Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle | Krebs Cycle | Steps | End Products |Diagram

    Jan 28, 24 12:39 PM

    Aerobic Respiration
    This is a type of process which execute in a cyclical form and final common pathway for oxidation of Carbohydrates fat protein through which acetyl coenzyme a or acetyl CoA is completely oxidised to c…

    Read More

  4. Aerobic Respiration | Definition of Aerobic Respiration | Glycolysis

    Dec 15, 23 08:42 AM

    Aerobic Respiration
    This is a type of respiration where molecular free oxygen is used as the final acceptor and it is observed in cell. Site of Aerobic Respiration - Aerobic respiration is observed in most of the eukaryo…

    Read More

  5. Fermentation | Definition | Types of Fermentation | Application

    Nov 29, 23 10:27 PM

    Definition of fermentation- It is a process that is energy yielding process of anaerobic oxidation of organic compounds which are carried out by the enzyme action of micro organisms where neither gase…

    Read More