Worksheet on adaptation in plants contains various types of questions.
We know plants are classified according to their habitats as terrestrial (plants living on land) and aquatic (plants living in water) i.e. floating, fixed and underwater.
I. Answer the following questions:
1. What these different plants are?
(i) My sharp spines are really leaves that help me to survive.
(ii) They call me a plant but I cannot make my own food.
(iii) When any insect lands on my leaf, I catch it and eat it.
2. What are they called?
(i) Plants that live on land.
(ii) Water plants
(iii) Plants that eat insects
(iv) Trees that do not lose their leaves in winter.
(v) Trees that lose their leaves during winter.
3. Which type of terrestrial plants give us food?
4. How do the following help these plants to survive?
(i) Roots of a mangrove tree
(ii) The stem of a cactus plant
(iii) The sloping shape of conifers
5. Where do we grow tea-plants?
6. Why do some trees lose their leaves in winter?
7. Name one plant which eats insects?
8. Where do mushrooms and moulds live?
9. Why do some plants eat insects?
10. Some desert plants have roots that go very deep inside the soil. Why?
II. Match the following:
(i) crow (a) evergreen tree
(ii) monkey (b) fixed aquatic plant
(iii) pine (c) aerial animal
(iv) rice (d) amphibian
(v) lily (e) arboreal animal
(vi) frog (f) a plant of the grass-family
Check the answers of the worksheet on adaptation in plants:
I. 1. (i) cactus
(iii) venus flytrap
2. (i) terrestrial plants
(ii) aquatic plants
(iii) insectivorous plants
(iv) evergreen plants
(v) deciduous trees
3. Grass family terrestrial plants give us food.
4. (i) Mangrove tree have breathing roots that grow above the soil to take in the air they need.
(ii) The stem of a cactus plant stores water in its thick stem.
(iii) The sloping shape of conifers protects the trees from snowfall.
5. Tea-plant grows in the cold hilly areas.
6. Some trees lose their leaves in winter to protect themselves from the cold.
7. Venus flytrap eats insects.
8. Mushrooms and moulds live on dead animals or plant and on stale food.
9. Some plants eat insects and they grow in soil that is poor in minerals so to get the minerals they trap and eat insects.
10. Some desert plants have roots that go very deep inside the soil in search of water.
II. (i) crow (c) aerial animal
(ii) monkey (e) arboreal animal
(iii) pine (a) evergreen tree
(iv) rice (f) a plant of the grass-family
(v) lily (b) fixed aquatic plant
(vi) frog (d) amphibian
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