We see many living and non-living things around us. We see men, women, children, animals, plants, birds, insects, bicycles, houses, stones, roads, benches, the Sun, the moon, the stars, mountains, water, etc. These things can be divided in different categories. Some of them are living things and the others are non-living things. Some of them are natural while others are made by humans called man-made things.
Nature provided us many things including living and as well as non-living things. Plants, animals, birds, fish and human beings are natural things.
Certain non-living things like mountains, rivers, clouds, rain are also natural. These things are the gifts of nature. Remember, we cannot make these things ourselves.
Man made things:
There are many things which are made by man. They are called man-made things. Man has made things to satisfy his needs.
Man needs shelter, so he makes homes. Man also needs clothes, furniture, paper, books and much more.
Man needs transport to move. So he makes cars, buses, trains, ships, airplanes.
Man has made all these from natural things.
Living things and non-living things:
We know, natural things include living things and some non-living things. Things like humans, animals and plants that have life are known as living things. Things like water, mud, stones, etc. having no life are known as non-living things.
All man-made things are non-living because they do not have life. We know, there are many differences between living and non-living things. Living things have some special features which non-living things do not have.
Let us see what makes living things different from non-living things.
(i) They breathe air.
(ii) They need food and water.
(iii) They grow.
(iv) Most of them move on their own
(v) They can reproduce.
(vi) They can feel.
(i) they do not breathe.
(ii) they do not need food and water.
(iii) they do not grow.
(iv) they cannot move on their own.
(v) they do not reproduce.
(vi) they cannot feel.